90s Cartoons Wiki
90s Cartoons Wiki
SpongeBob SquarePants
SpongeBob SquarePants title card
Genre Animated comedy
Created by Stephen Hillenburg
Country of Origin United States
Executive Producer(s) Stephen Hillenburg
Running Time 22-23 minutes

(9-12 minutes per segment)

First Shown {{{first_run}}}
Original Run May 1, 1999 – present
Spongebob Logo (first)

SpongeBob SquarePants is an animated television series created by marine biologist/animator Stephen Hillenburg. The series premiered right after the Kids' Choice Awards on May 1, 1999. It officially began airing on July 17 of the same year with the second episode "Bubblestand/Ripped Pants". The main character is an accident-prone sponge, SpongeBob SquarePants. Other characters include his dumb starfish Patrick Star, the sour octopus Squidward Tentacles, the cheapskate crab Mr. Krabs, his fashion-obsessed daughter Pearl and the athletic squirrel Sandy Cheeks, who wears an astronaut suit all the time and is characterized as a southerner. Most episodes take place in the town of Bikini Bottom or on the surrounding lagoon floor.

The cartoon is designed to appeal to older viewers as much as to children. This has a lot to do with the way underwater life and situations are represented, absurdly, as though they are almost equivalent to normal terrestrial lifestyles. Instead of cars, the residents of Bikini Bottom drive boats—with wheels of course. Once, while on a camping trip, Patrick questions how they could have a campfire on the lagoon bottom—the fire is immediately extinguished with a sizzle. A flurry of bubbles accompany many actions, just to remind the viewer everything is underwater. SpongeBob lives in a pineapple, while his neighbor Squidward lives in an Easter Island head and Patrick lives under a rock. The suggestion is that the characters' dwellings have fallen from a tropical island to become underwater habitats. SpongeBob's house pet is a snail named Gary, who only meows like a cat, though characters have shown signs of being able to understand him. As such, worms are the undersea equivalent of dogs. Scallops are the equivalent of birds, as they fly and are kept in cages. Jellyfish are the equivalent of bees as they buzz and sting, and are used for their jelly, but are collected or appreciated like butterflies.


The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie, the first theatrical film based on the series, was released on November 19, 2004. According to Square Roots, the movie was also the reason for the long hiatus between season three's "Pranks a Lot" and season four's "Fear of a Krabby Patty". A second film, titled The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water, was released on February 6, 2015.

History / Production[]

Main article: SpongeBob SquarePants Timeline

Theme Song[]

Main article: SpongeBob SquarePants Theme Song

The theme song, a sea shanty-style tune is sung by Pat Pinney and can also be found on the soundtrack, SpongeBob SquarePants: Original Theme Highlights. A cover of the song by superstar Avril Lavigne can be found on the soundtrack for The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie. There was also a choral version done for the early episodes.

For several special episodes, the theme song was altered to fit the plot of the episode, such as in "Christmas Who?" and "What Ever Happened to SpongeBob?"


Main article: List of SpongeBob SquarePants characters
  • SpongeBob SquarePants- A square sea sponge who lives in a pineapple under the sea. He works at the Krusty Krab along with his boring, but rude neighbor, Squidward. He has a best friend named Patrick Star.
  • Patrick Star - A cheerful naive and unintelligent starfish who is SpongeBob's best friend. He lives under a rock to the right of Squidward's house. He is unemployed but has held various temporary jobs throughout the series.
  • Squidward Tentacles - A hostile octopus who lives in an Easter Island head between the domiciles of SpongeBob and Patrick. Although loved by the other characters, Squidward appears pessimistic and antisocial.
  • Sandy Cheeks - Another friend of SpongeBob's, Sandy is an athletic squirrel from texas. She wears an astronaut suit and lives in an air-filled "Treedome" so that she can survive Bikini Bottom's ocean environment. She works as a scientist and an inventor.
  • Eugene H. Krabs - The cheapskate miserly owner of the Krusty Krab. Commonly known as Mr. Krabs, he is SpongeBob and Squidward's boss. He lives in an anchor with his daughter Pearl, who is a whale.
  • Sheldon J. Plankton - A small green copepod who runs the failing Chum Bucket restaurant along with his sentient computer Karen. His goal is to steal the secret Krabby Patty formula and run Mr. Krabs out of business.
  • Karen Plankton - Plankton's talking computer sidekick and wife who provides him with evil plots to steal the recipe for Krabby Patties. Plankton always takes the credit for Karen's ideas and ends up messing them up.
  • Mrs. Poppy Puff - SpongeBob's teacher at boating school. She is a pufferfish who blows up like an airbag whenever she is scared or crashes. SpongeBob is her longest-standing student. She is Mr. Krabs' love interest and a girlfriend.
  • Gary - SpongeBob's pet snail who meows like a cat, as do the other snails on the show. He is very intelligent, as revealed in the episode "Your Shoe's Untied". Gary actually wears shoes, and taught SpongeBob how to tie his shoes. Gary also has many other items stored in his shell.


Main article: SpongeBob SquarePants episode list

Nickelodeon 2023 logo (outline)


===Movies==={| class="wikitable" border="1" !Season !Episodes !First episode !Last episode |- | Season 1 | align="center" |20 | align="center" |May 1, 1999 | align="center" |April 8, 2000 |- |Season 2 | align="center" |20 | align="center" |October 26, 2000 | align="center" | July 26, 2003 |- |Season 3 | align="center" |20 | align="center" |October 5, 2001 | align="center" |October 11, 2004 |- | Season 4 | align="center" |20 | align="center" |May 6, 2005 | align="center" |July 24, 2007 |- |Season 5 | align="center" |20 | align="center" |February 19, 2007 | align="center" |July 19, 2009 |- |Season 6 | align="center" |26 | align="center" |March 3, 2008 | align="center" |July 5, 2010 |- |Season 7 | align="center" |26 | align="center" |July 19, 2009 | align="center" |June 11, 2011 |- |Season 8 | align="center" |26 | align="center" |March 26, 2011 | align="center" |December 6, 2012 |- |Season 9 | align="center" |26 | align="center" |July 21, 2012 | align="center" |February 20, 2017 |- |Season 10 | align="center" | 11 | align="center" |October 15, 2016 | align="center" |December 2, 2017 |- |Season 11 | align="center" |26 | align="center" |June 24, 2017 | align="center" |November 25, 2018 |- |Season 12 | align="center" |26 | align="center" |November 11, 2018 | align="center" |April 29, 2022 |- |Season 13 | align="center" |28 | align="center" |October 22, 2020 | align="center" |November 1, 2023 |- |Season 14 | align="center" |6 | align="center" |November 2, 2023 | align="center" | TBA |-

|}{| class="wikitable" border="1" !Title !Release Date !Note !Running Time |- |The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie |November 19, 2004 |Theatrical film |87 minutes |- |The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge Out of Water |February 6, 2015 |Theatrical film |92 minutes |- |The SpongeBob Movie: Sponge on the Run |2020 (International) March 4, 2021 (United States) |Theatrical film |91 minutes |- | Saving Bikini Bottom: The Sandy Cheeks Movie |August 2, 2024 |Theatrical film |82 minutes |- |The SpongeBob Movie: Search for SquarePants |December 19, 2025 |Theatrical film |TBA |}

Home video releases[]

Main article: SpongeBob SquarePants videography
Main article: SpongeBob SquarePants international videography


  • Tom Kenny: SpongeBob SquarePants, Gary the Snail, French Narrator, Patchy the Pirate
  • Bill Fagerbakke: Patrick Star
  • Rodger Bumpass: Squidward Tentacles
  • Clancy Brown: Eugene H. Krabs
  • Doug Lawrence (a.k.a. Mr. Lawrence): Sheldon J. Plankton, Potty the Parrot (2017-present), Larry
    • King Neptune (voiced by John O'Hurley/Jeffrey Tambor) is a mighty, trident-wielding merman god who rules the sea, based on the mythological deity of the same name. In the series, Neptune lives in a palace in Atlantis with his wifeAmphitrite and son Triton. He is usually portrayed as arrogant and selfish, showing little sympathy for the sea's fish populace. Neptune has a mostly blue-green color scheme with a long brown beard and hair. A different King Neptune is featured in The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie. In the film, he resides near Bikini Bottom with his daughter Mindy and appears to be less of a god and more of a king with a greenish color scheme, a royal robe, neatly-trimmed red hair, a domed crown to cover his bald spot, and powers limited to what can be exercised through his trident.

the Lobster

  • Jill Talley: Karen Plankton
  • Carolyn Lawrence: Sandy Cheeks
  • Lori Alan: Pearl Krabs
  • Mary Jo Catlett: Poppy Puff
  • Dee Bradley Baker: Bubble Bass, Squilliam Fancyson, Various Octopuses, Customers, Vendors
  • Sirena Irwin: Margaret SquarePants, Customers
  • Thomas F. Wilson: Flatts the Flounder, Tattletale Strangler
  • Carlos Alazraqui: Scooter
  • Ernest Borgnine: Mermaid Man (1999-2012)
  • Tim Conway: Barnacle Boy
  • Stephen Hillenburg: Potty the Parrot (2002-2004)
  • Paul Tibbitt: Potty the Parrot (2005-2012)
  • Brian Doyle-Murray: The Flying Dutchman
  • Charles Nelson Reilly: The Dirty Bubble
  • Marion Ross: Grandma SquarePants
  • ...; FRED

Additional voices in the film[]

  • Scarlett Johansson: Princess Mindy
  • Jeffrey Tambor: King Neptune
  • Alec Baldwin: Dennis


  • Stephen Hillenburg: Creator/Executive Producer (1999-2004, 2015-)
  • Derek Drymon: Creative Director/Writer/Story Editor/Executive Producer(1999-2004)
  • Sherm Cohen: Art Director/Writer/Executive Prouducer (2005-2006)
  • Paul Tibbitt: Writer/Storyboard Director/Backing Voice Actor/Executive Producer, Showrunner (1999-2004; 2005-2017)
  • Merriwether Williams: Story Editor/Writer
  • Doug Lawrence (Mr. Lawrence): Writer/Story Editor
  • Chuck Klein: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director
  • Jay Lender: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director
  • Sam Henderson: Writer/Storyboard Director
  • Kaz: Writer/Storyboard Artist
  • Aaron Springer: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director
  • C.H. Greenblatt: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director
  • Bradley Carow: Music
  • David Wigforss: Special Effects (CG visual effects animator)
  • Caleb Muerer: Art Director
  • Andy Rheingold: Executive in Charge of Production
  • Tim Hill: Writer
  • Eric Wiese: Writer/Storyboard Artist
  • Mark O'Hare: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director
  • Steven Fonti: Writer/Storyboard Director (1999)
  • Chris Mitchell: Writer/Storyboard Artist (1999)
  • Mike Bell: Writer/Storyboard Director (2005-)
  • Vincent Waller: Writer/Storyboard Artist & Director/Technicial Director (2005-)
  • Alan Smart: Animation Director
  • Tom Yasumi: Animation Director
  • Andrew Overtoom: Animation Director
  • Sean Dempsey: Animation Director

Broadcast history[]

Country Channel
Template:Flagicon usaUnited States Nickelodeon (1999-present)
Nicktoons (2002-18)
Template:W (2004)
Template:Flagicon CanadaCanada Nickelodeon Canada (2009–present)
YTV (2000-present)
Albania Template:W
Comedy Central (subtiles)
Arabic Speaking Countries Template:W (rarely)
Nickelodeon Arabia
Nicktoons Arabia
Bulgaria Diema Kids
Super 7
China ATV World (Hong Kong)
CCTV-14 (Mainland China)
Croatia RTL
Nova TV
Hayat TV (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Hayatovci (Bosnia and Herzegovina)


External links[]